The Department of Neurosurgery provides surgical and conservative treatment for diseases of the nervous system, including the brain and the spinal cord.
The Department of Neurosurgery operates special clinics for brain blood vessels, brain tumor, spine disorders, endovascular surgery, and brain stereotactic functions in order to help in improving the efficiency of the treatment for various diseases of the nervous system.
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) and endovascular surgery clinics provide fast and accurate early diagnosis of various cerebrovascular diseases in collaboration with radiology, neurology, neurosurgery, and rehabilitation medicine.
In the case of acute stroke, nerve recovery is expected without any side effects if an intervention, such as intra-arterial fibrinolysis, is performed through cerebral angiography before cerebral thrombosis, which is caused by embolism (blood clots in other parts of the body that obstruct the cerebral arteries) or atherosclerosis, develops into cerebral infarction, mostly within 3 to 6 hours. Nonetheless, in cases where the patient arrives late at the hospital or there is a delay in the diagnosis, emergent medication or decompression surgery is deemed necessary, as it will be difficult to proceed with the endovascular intervention.
Treatment varies in the case of cerebral hemorrhage based on whether it is a subarachnoid hemorrhage, in which the cerebral aneurysm has ruptured, or hypertension or other causes. In the case of a patient with subarachnoid hemorrhage, an emergency cerebral angiography is performed where the ruptured aneurysm is divided and ligated through craniotomy according to its location, size, and shape, or endovascular embolization is performed without craniotomy. For hypertensive intracranial hemorrhage, medication is given or hematoma evacuation is performed by using a stereotaxic apparatus depending on the amount of blood loss. The rehabilitation of patients who are recovering from cerebrovascular disease is handled by rehabilitation specialists at the rehabilitation center, and various programs (e.g., speech therapy and occupational therapy) are actively performed.
Spine clinics provide treatment to patients with neck and back pain, pain radiating to the limbs, hand and foot numbness, gait abnormality, paralysis, lumbar disc herniation, cervical herniated disc, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, spinal trauma, spinal and spinal cord tumors, and congenital spinal and spinal cord diseases. Skilled neurosurgeons, along with radiologists and rehabilitation specialists, perform surgery using microscope, endoscopic surgery, spinal fusion using fixation devices, artificial disc insertion, balloon spine surgery for senile compression fractures, and various spinal surgeries, including minimally invasive surgeries (e.g., nerve block and nerve stimulation).
We also provide surgical treatment for pediatric neurosurgery in collaboration with the Department of Pediatrics. Pediatric neurosurgery provides treatment for congenital malformations of the brain and spinal cord, hydrocephalus, in which the head expands due to excessive buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain, various intracranial cysts (hygroma), pediatric brain tumor, cerebral palsy with stiffness in both lower extremities, and nervous system trauma. The department also provides neuroendoscopy, which is a minimally invasive surgery for hydrocephalus, intracranial cyst, and brain tumor.